[Nails] made up of layered layers of a protein called “keratin,” grow from the nail base below the cuticle. Healthy nails are smooth with no marks or grooves. They are uniform in color and texture with no spots or discoloration.
Sometimes harmless vertical stripes form that extends from the cuticle to the tip of the nail. Vertical stretch marks tend to be more pronounced with age. White lines or spots can also form due to injury but eventually disappear as the nail grows.
However, not all nail conditions are normal. Ask your doctor or dermatologist if you notice:
- Color changes, e. Discoloration of the entire nail or dark line under the nail
- Changes in the shape of the nails, e.g., B. curved nails.
- Thinning or thickening
- Separation of the nail from the surrounding skin
- Bleeding around the nails
- Swelling or pain around the nails
- Lack of nail growth
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[Nail Care]: What to Do
To keep your nails looking their best, follow these steps:
- Keep your nails dry and clean. It will prevent bacteria from growing under the nails. Repeated or prolonged contact with water can cause cracking of the nails. Wear cotton-lined rubber gloves when washing dishes, cleaning dishes, or using harsh chemicals.
- Practice good nail hygiene. Use manicure scissors or a sharp nail clipper. Cut your nails in a straight line, then round the ends into a smooth curve.
- Use a moisturizer. If you use hand lotion, rub it on your nails and cuticles as well.
- Apply a protective coat. Applying a nail hardener can help strengthen your nails.
- Ask your doctor about biotin. Some research has suggested that the biotin dietary supplement may help strengthen weak or brittle.
[Nail Care]: What Not to Do
To avoid damaging the nails, do not do the following:
- Do not bite your nails or rub your cuticles. These habits can damage the nail bed. Even a small cut along the nail can allow bacteria or fungus to enter and lead to infection.
- Don’t take your in-laws with you. You may be pulling live tissue with the hanging nail. Instead, carefully trim the hanging nails.
- Do not use aggressive nail care products. Limit the use of nail polish remover. If you are using nail polish remover, choose a formula without acetone.
- Don’t ignore the problems. If you have a nail problem that doesn’t go away on its own or is related to other signs and symptoms, contact your doctor or dermatologist for evaluation.
A Note on Manicures and Pedicures
There are a few things to keep in mind when relying on manicures or pedicures for healthy-looking nails. Only go to salons with a current state license and only work with technicians who are also certified by the state board.
Please do not remove your cuticles; They seal the skin with the nail plate, so its removal can lead to nail infection. Also, make sure that your nail technician properly sterilizes any tools used during the procedure to prevent the spread of infection.
You can also ask how the footbaths are clean. Ideally, a bleach solution is used between clients and the filters are cleaned regularly.
It’s easy to neglect your [nails], but you can keep them healthy and strong if you follow a few basic steps.
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